8 scientifically proven tips to medical study better
july 20, 2014 | Medical
They say that "nothing lasts forever" and less holidays. Nobody wants the time to come, but time is inexorable. The term of summer vacation is already before us, looking at us face to face, waving bills to pay and emitting slightly irritating sounds.
If you are a student, it means that it was time to replace sunscreen and swimwear with notebooks and pencils, and summer love for a teacher who in a few months will decide if you pass the cut or fall into the pit of the repeating souls.
But do not spread panic! Even if studying is not your strong point, adopting certain study habits will help you squeeze every minute you dedicate to the subject. Trust, because these tips are scientifically proven.
Cut the curve of oblivion
They say that our brain is like a sponge, but in truth it is more like a tray bathed in butter.
The "forgetting curve" is a phenomenon that explains why, just hours after a class; we do not seem to remember anything. If there is no intention of retaining a piece of information, our brain, in an incredibly short period of time, will leave it in the room "if I have seen you I do not remember" (with your ex), where it will not be useful to the time of the exam.
According to the University of Waterloo, it is very easy to stop this cursed phenomenon: in the 24 hours following the class, review the information for 10 minutes. This will cause the information held to touch 100% of the total, temporarily. After a week, review it again, but for only 5 minutes to keep it fresh. A month will only take 2 to 4 minutes of study to refloat the material in our mind.
The scene is as ordinary as that of the last supper: a student among a mountain of books studying frantically hours before the big test. He and all those who have repeated this error deserve a scientific blow to the face.
Many studies have confirmed the benefits of studying spaced. In theory, the one who studies, for example, in 20 sessions of half an hour, does not study more than the one that did 10 hours in a row, but it has been concluded, consistently, that whoever burns his eyelashes not only has a worse performance in exams, but it drags the negative effects of that night of bad sleep for up to 4 days.
The intervals can also be applied to the same study session. Paul Kelley is a teacher known for applying spaced learning in English schools with great success. His formula consists of 20 minutes of intense study, followed by 10 minutes of recess focused on physical activities (playing basketball, if applicable). Logic similar to the "pomodoro method" of productivity, which we explained to you recently.
The so-called "spaced memory effect" has been known since the 19th century, when it was coined by the German psychologist Hermann Ebbinghaus, so it is time to take it seriously.
Save tablets and computers
We all want to throw away the notebooks for our brand-new tablets or notebooks, but, from a point of view of effectiveness in the studio; the old analog material is still the champion.
A 2010 study found that reading on an iPad is 6.2% slower than in an analog environment. And how about devices with modern digital ink? Worse: reading on a Kindle was 10.7% slower.
Another study from 2012, observed that paper is a means that facilitates the recall process. Interestingly, things like a more bent page or a blot, contextual cues nonexistent in a Word document, are important references when it comes to forcing the mental machine.
Exercise instead of rereading everything
It is logical to think that rereading the material will help us put everything inside our heads, but a study of 2010 proved that it is nothing more than a waste of our precious time.
The experiment used two groups of students. Both were made to study a series of topics, and then the first group studied the subject several times, while the other group applied it through exercises. Finally, his information retention was measured through an examination. The second group came to double the number of correct answers of the first.
Prefers study cards on standouts
Medical Studies have concluded that filling the notebook with yellows, orange trees and gaudy greens not only does not have any benefit when it comes to retaining information, but that, misused, they can even negatively impact our study.
Not so the flash cards or study cards (where a question is written down and the answer to the back), which require an effort to synthesize information and which can be useful helpers during the study or in moments of rest, where a glance serves to refresh the memory.
Listen to classical music of the 19th century
Perhaps a less orthodox advice than the previous ones, but effective. A 2007 study used magnetic resonance imaging of the brain to conclude that certain techniques used by nineteenth-century composers help the brain organize incoming information. In other words, this type of music helps us to concentrate.
Scientists do not know if it was a deliberate act or not of the artists of that time, but the effect is clear: the phenomenon called "segmentation of events", which is when we make sense of the information we received, was clearly enhanced by listening to the Intermediate silences of the pieces of the English baroque composer William Boyce . Curious.
Say no to multitask
Saving the cell phone and turning off the TV are the first steps that should be taken at the time of the study. Our attention and memory are limited, so performing two tasks at once will inevitably make the execution of both less efficient. In other words, if you are on WhatsApp and studying at the same time, not only will your study be useless, but it is also more likely that you will read badly or write badly in the application.
This does not only apply to electronic distractions. If you are looking for anything else that absorbs your attention (little brothers, other pending tasks, etc.) your study will be more ineffective. You must clear yourself of all distraction.
Applies the Feynman method
Finally, for those who want to take it seriously, they can follow the study method applied by the brilliant physicist Richard Feynman.
In his time at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Feynman, before an exam, kept a notebook everywhere. This notebook, according to his biographer, James Gleick, was titled "The notebook of things that I do not know".
Unlike the usual attitude of avoiding what we do not understand, Feynman kept a notebook exclusively for it, where he reorganized all his knowledge in order to find an answer. It sounds like something only a brilliant physicist could do, but it's quite simple: turn your knowledge into something concrete.
The recommended steps to apply the Feynman method are three:
1. Choose a concept and write it as a title on a sheet. It does not matter if it is a concept that you master or, on the contrary, that it still costs you.
2. Explain it as if you were teaching it to a new student. This means using simple words for technicalities. It is recommended to resort to simplifications and analogies as many times as necessary.
3. Find the gaps and fill them. Inevitably the string will be exhausted at some point; this will allow you to find which you’re most important knowledge gaps are. Here it is necessary to return to the book or presentation as many times as necessary, until the explanation is complete.
Why and how to enroll for MBBS in Russia?
Russia is one of the powerful nations in the world with an estimate of one-quarter of natural resources and home to sophisticated technologies. The Russian universities are known for their knowledge content, their expertise in medical diagnosis and treatment. This has caught the worldwide attention and attracted the international student community and now most of the students prefer to study in Russia and opt their career in the medical field. The Russian universities cater the students with advanced technologies in the medical field which is yet to evolve in the west keeping them rear.